From January 1 to June 11, 2024, there have been 1,141 suspected and 65 confirmed cases of cholera, resulting in 30 deaths, across 30 states and 96 local government areas.

The top 10 states contributing to the cholera burden are Bayelsa, Zamfara, Abia, Cross River, Bauchi, Delta, Katsina, Imo, Nasarawa, and Lagos.

Cholera is a waterborne disease caused by ingesting contaminated food or water with Vibrio cholerae. Symptoms include acute diarrhoea, vomiting, and dehydration, which can lead to death if left untreated. However, most cases (about 80%) may show mild symptoms or no symptoms at all.


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Here are some steps you can take to protect yourself and your family from cholera:

1. *Drink safe water*: Stick to bottled or boiled water. Avoid tap water, wells, or untreated water sources.

2. *Wash hands frequently*: Use soap and clean water. Pay attention to hygiene, especially before eating and after using the bathroom.


3. *Use proper sanitation*: Ensure proper disposal of human waste and garbage.

4. *Avoid contaminated food*: Steer clear of raw or undercooked meat, seafood, and unpeeled fruits and veggies.

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5. *Get vaccinated*: Consider getting vaccinated if you’re travelling to areas prone to cholera outbreaks.


6. *Keep surroundings clean*: Regularly disinfect surfaces and clean living spaces.

7. *Avoid close contact with infected individuals*: Maintain a safe distance from people showing cholera symptoms.

8. *Stay informed*: Stay up-to-date on local health alerts and cholera outbreaks in your area.

9. *Store food and water safely*: Keep food and water in clean, covered containers.


10. *Seek medical attention immediately if symptoms arise*: Diarrhea, vomiting, and dehydration can lead to severe complications if left untreated.