Connect with us

Health

COVID-19: Edo NUJ Embarks On Sensitisation Walk

Published

on

As part of effort in complementing government of Nigeria and world leaders’ efforts in the fight against the novel coronavirus, Nigeria Union of Journalists (NUJ), Edo State Council, Tuesday, April 14, embarked on sensitisation of the populace in Benin City.

The sensitisation walk was powered by Matthew Urhoghide, Senator representing Edo South Senatorial District at the National Assembly.

The sensitisation and enlightenment walk which took the Union members to Ogbe primary school where the popular Oba market has been domiciled temporarily, also offered an opportunity to the members of Fourth Estate of Realm to enlighten market women precautionary measures in preventing the spread of the virus.

From left: Roland Osakue, NUJ Chairman, Edo State council; Titus Akhigbe, Secretary of NUJ, Edo State council, and Imelda Osayande, Vice Chairman, Edo NUJ, during the sensitisation walk in Benin on Tuesday

READ ALSO: Two Months Free Electricity: ‘We Align With Plan, But Not Yet Binding’ – BEDC

Enlightening the populace particularly market women, Roland Osakue, NUJ Chairman, Edo State Council, said the Union is joining hands with the federal and state governments in the fight against COVID-19, hence the sensitisation walk.

He said to prevent the virus, everyone must regularly watch his or her hands, keep his or her environment clean, and maintain social distancing.

Members of the NUJ, Edo State council during the sensitisation

“Today, as a Union recognise by constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, and as part of job in informing and enlightening the public, we have come to tell you that coronavirus is real, and it kills faster than any sickness, and the only way to prevent it is to abide by all the precautionary measures government and medical personnel have prescribed.

READ ALSO: Easter: There Is Hope Man Shall Prevail Over COVID-19, Says Ize-Iyamu

“For you not to contract this virus, you must watch your hands regularly; you must keep your environment clean and maintain social distancing anywhere you find yourself”, he added.

While maintaining that all hands must be on deck in the fight against the virus, and it total defeat, Osakue urged shops owners and market women who do not have hand-washing bowls in their different locations to do so, stressing before anyone touches any goods for purchase, such hands must be washed.

READ ALSO: Market Relocation: Rescue Us From Exploiters, Market Women Cry Out To Obaseki

Health

Cough: What You Need To Know

Published

on

By

By Silver Yeibake

The cough reflex is a protective mechanism that helps to clear the airways of mucus, irritants, or foreign particles. When our airway is irritated, it sends a signal to the brain, which then triggers the muscles in our chest and abdomen to quickly expel air, clearing or removing the irritant. This reflex acts as a crucial defense mechanism for the respiratory system. “Cough is not a disease process.”

Kindly note the beautifully coordinated steps involved in the action we know as cough:

1. Irritatant detection: The first step in the cough reflex is the detection of an irritant in the airways, such as dust, smoke, or mucus by special protein complexes called irritants receptors (for convenience) which convert the sensation into an electrical impulse.

READ ALSO: Food Poisoning: What You Need To Know

2. Signal Transmission: The receptors in the airway send the signals along nerves to the brain, specifically to a part called *”the cough center”* located in the medulla oblongata, a part of the brainstem.

3. Signal Processing: The brain processes these signals and responds by sending nerve impulses back to the muscles involved in the coughing process.

4. Muscle Contraction: The diaphragm, abdominal muscles, and muscles in the chest wall contract, increasing the pressure in the chest and forcing air out of the lungs at a high speed, making the sound that is characteristic of cough.

5. Expelling Irritant: The forceful release of air clears the airway, expelling/removing the irritant and helping to protect the respiratory system.

The above steps are designed to occur repeatedly until the irritant is removed from the airways or respiratory system or drugs are given to suppress this important protective function.

Although taking cough medication for relief as first aid is usual, it is best to identify and address the cause as soon as possible. Seek medical attention if 2 to 3 days of therapy do not give improvement or the symptom worsened rapidly.

Dr. Yeibake, Weriwoyingipre Silver, a
Senior Registrar, Faculty Of Pediatrics, West Africa College of Physician (WACP), writes from Yenagoa, Bayelsa State.

Continue Reading

Health

Urinary Retention: What You Need To Know

Published

on

By

By Yeibake Silver

Urinary retention is defined by an inability to empty the bladder completely. It can be caused by a number of circumstances, including a urinary tract obstruction, nerve issues, drugs, and certain medical diseases.

There are two types of urine retention: acute and chronic. Acute urine retention happens unexpectedly and is frequently painful, necessitating quick medical intervention. Chronic urine retention, on the other hand, occurs gradually and may not be as painful.

Urinary retention symptoms include a frequent urge to urinate, difficulties commencing urination, a weak urine stream, dribbling after urination, and the sensation that the bladder is not completely emptied. In more severe situations, urine retention can result in consequences such as urinary tract infections, kidney damage, or bladder damage.

READ ALSO: Food Poisoning: What You Need To Know

Treatment for urine retention may include addressing the underlying cause, such as eliminating a urinary tract obstruction or modifying medications. Catheterization may be required to empty the bladder in severe situations. In some cases, surgery may be required to address the condition causing urine retention.

It is important that individuals having symptoms of urinary retention seek medical attention and therapy to avoid problems and enhance their quality of life.

Dr. Yeibake, Weriwoyingipre Silver, a
Senior Registrar, Faculty Of Pediatrics, West Africa College of Physician (WACP), writes from Yenagoa, Bayelsa State.

Continue Reading

Health

HEALTH CORNER: What You Need To Know About Peptic Ulcer Disease

Published

on

By

Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is a condition that affects the stomach and first part of the small intestine. It is characterized by open sores(wounds), known as “ulcers,” that form in the lining of these organs.

Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) affects four million people worldwide annually and has an estimated lifetime occurrence of 5−10% in the general population. Its frequency is reducing among young males and increasing in older females.

The most common cause of PUD is a bacterial infection called  “Helicobacter pylori”  (H. pylori), but it can also be caused by long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as Aspirin, Diclofenac, Ibuprofen, Puroxicam, or excessive acid production in the stomach in some disease conditions.

READ ALSO: HEALTH CORNER: What You Need Know About Chlamydia Infection, Prevention

The risk factors include alcohol abuse, smoking, prolonged use or use of high doses of NSAIDs, misuse of steroids such as Prednisolone and Dexamethasone, and exposure to high doses of ionizing radiation.

“Stress, carbonated soft drinks, and spicy foods do not cause ulcers but can make them worse.”

Symptoms of PUD can vary from person to person, but they commonly include:

1. Burning or gnawing abdominal pain, usually in the upper middle part of the abdomen.
2. Feeling full and bloated after eating.
3. Nausea or vomiting.
4. Loss of appetite.
5. Weight loss.
6. Dark or black stools (indicating gastrointestinal bleeding).

If a person has symptoms suggestive of PUD, it is important to seek medical attention for an accurate diagnosis.

A healthcare provider will take relevant history, perform a physical examination, and may recommend tests such as an upper endoscopy, a breath test for H. pylori, or blood tests.

Treatment for PUD typically involves a combination of medications and lifestyle changes. Medications may include proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and antihistamines to reduce stomach acid production, antacids to neutralize already produced acid, and antibiotics to eliminate H. pylori.

FROM THE AUTHOR: HEALTH CORNER: Indian Hemp Benefits, Risk In Its Consumption

Lifestyle changes may include avoiding NSAIDs, alcohol, and smoking, as well as managing stress levels and eating a healthy diet.

In severe cases of PUD, complications like bleeding, perforation (a hole in the stomach or intestine wall), or obstruction may occur. These require immediate medical attention and may lead to hospitalization or surgery.

“Please do understand that PUD, just like Malaria, is curable with appropriate and adequate treatment, and not a life-long diagnosis. However, it can recur as many times as possible as long as the patient keeps exposing himself/herself to the causative agents or keeps indulging in behaviours that can trigger and/or worsen its symptoms.”

It is worth noting that while PUD can cause discomfort and complications, with proper treatment and management, most people can find relief from their symptoms and prevent recurrence.

It is important to follow the healthcare provider’s advice and attend regular follow-up appointments to monitor the condition.

Dr. Yeibake, Weriwoyingipre Silver is a Senior Registrar, Paediatrics, Federal Medical Centre, Yenagoa, Bayelsa State.

Continue Reading

Trending