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[JUST IN] EndSARS Protest: ECOWAS Court Finds FG Guilty Of Human Rights Violations



orders trial of security agents that attacked protesters at Lekki Toll Gate

The Court of Justice of the Economic Community of West African States, ECOWAS, on Wednesday, found the Federal Government guilty of violating the fundamental human rights of youths that participated in the October 2020, EndSARS protest.

The court, in a unanimous decision by a three-man panel of Justices, held that there was merit in a suit that three participants in the protest- Obianuju Catherine Udeh, Perpetual Kamsi and Dabiraoluwa Adeyinka- lodged before it.

Specifically, the court held that the Federal Republic of Nigeria, through its security agencies, violated Articles 1, 4, 6, 9, 10, and 11 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights, ACPHR, pertaining to the right to life, security of person, freedom of expression, assembly and association, prohibition of torture, duty of the state to investigate, and the right to effective remedy.


The Applicants had in their suit, alleged that these violations occurred during peaceful protests they held at the Lekki Toll Gate in Lagos State on October 20 and 21, 2020.

The regional court, in its lead judgement that was delivered by the Judge Rapporteur, Justice Koroma Mohamed Sengu, dismissed the Applicants’ allegation that their right to life as guaranteed under Article 4 of the ACPHR, was violated.

However, it ordered FG to pay each of tje Applicants the sum of N2million as compensation for violations of their security of person, prohibition of torture and cruel, inhuman, and degrading treatment, rights to freedom of expression, assembly, and association, duty to investigate human rights violations, and right to effective remedy.

Additionally, it held that FG must adhere to its obligations under the ACPHR, by investigating and prosecuting its agents responsible for the violations.


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The court ordered FG to within the next six months, report to it, measures taken to implement the judgment.

The Applicants had alleged that during the peaceful protests against the SARS Unit of the Nigerian Police Force at Lekki Toll Gate, Lagos State, on October 20 and 21, 2020, the Respondent, committed several human rights violations.

Triggered by the alleged killing of one Daniel Chibuike, the protests were aimed to address police harassment and brutality.


In the suit, the 1st Applicant, among other things, told the court that soldiers shot life amunitions at protesters, resulting in deaths and injuries, which she live-streamed.

She told the court that subsequently, she started receiving threatening phone calls that forced her not not only go into hiding, but to also seek asylum.

READ ALSO: After Over Three Years In Detention, Court Acquits 3 EndSARS Protesters

Likewise, the 2nd Applicant, who said she was responsible for the welfare of the protesters, described how soldiers began shooting after a power cut, leading to her hospitalisation due to excessive tear gas she inhaled.


On her part, the 3rd Applicant, narrated how she narrowly escaped being shot and how soldiers refused to allow ambulance to enter the protest ground to help the injured participants.

She further told the court that she later witnessed how the victims were neglected without the provision of adequate healthcare for them at the hospital.

The 3rd Applicant told the court that with the held of her colleagues, she eventually took over and started taking care of the victims.

She alleged that she faced numerous threats and was placed on surveillance by security agents.


READ ALSO: Release Young People Arrested During ENDSARS Protest, Shehu Sani Appeals To Tinubu [VIDEO]

Consequently, all the Applicants prayed the cort to issue declaratory reliefs against FG and award compensation to them for the gross violations of their fundamental human rights.

Meanwhile, in processes it filed before the court, FG, through its team of lawyers, denied all the allegations and claims that were made by the Applicants.

It told the court that the protesters unlawfully assembled at Lekki Toll Gate on October 20, 2020, under the guise of protesting against SARS.


FG also maintained that its agents followed strict rules of engagement and did not shoot or kill protesters.

It argued that the 1st Applicant incited the crowd by playing music and using her Instagram page to stir disaffection against law enforcement agents who were targeting escapee members of Boko Haram and bandits.

FG further contended that the 2nd Applicant’s provision of logistics and welfare packages indicated her support for the violent protest.

It claimed that soldiers were present to restore peace until the police arrived, denying any harm inflicted on protesters and the alleged refusal to access to the ambulance.


READ ALSO: Release Young People Arrested During ENDSARS Protest, Shehu Sani Appeals To Tinubu [VIDEO]

More so, FG denied that the 3rd Applicant’s presence was peaceful, asserting it was meant to escalate violence.

It argued that the treatment and care of the injured were managed by the Lagos State government, insisting that the Applicants failed to provide credible evidence to support their claims and the reliefs the sought from the court.

In its judgment on Wednesday, the court held that it could not establish that there was violation of the right to life as the Applicants failed to adduce any evidence to that effect.


Nevertheless, it held that several articles of the ACHPR were breached by the Respondent (FG), which occasioned fundamental breaches of human rights.

Furthermore, the Court said it was satisfied that the Applicants were denied the right to an effective remedy.

It ordered FG to make reparations to the Applicants for the violation of their fundamental human rights.

Other members of the panel that concurred with the lead judgement, were Justice Dupe Atoki who presided, and Justice Ricardo Claúdio Monteiro Gonçalves.





Elon Musk Opens Up About His Transgender Child



The CEO of Tesla and Space X, Elon Musk, has said he was “tricked” into granting permission for his child to undergo puberty blockers.

Musk made the disclosure in a live interview with psychologist Jordan Peterson on X on Monday.

During the conversation, Peterson mentioned Musk’s decision to relocate SpaceX’s headquarters from California, citing the state’s new legislation, Assembly Bill 1955, which enables schools to keep a child’s sexual orientation or gender identity confidential from their parents.


This move came after California Governor, Gavin Newsom, signed the bill into law on Monday, July 15, 2024.

READ ALSO: Elon Musk,World Leaders, Celebrities, Others React To failed Ass@sination Attempt On Trump

When Peterson asked the owner of X about his motivation for speaking out on this issue, Musk shared a personal experience involving his child, Xavier, who now identifies as transgender and goes by the name Vivian Jenna Wilson.

Musk stated, “It’s evil. You’re taking kids who are far below the age of consent.


“It’s very possible for adults to manipulate children who are having an actual identity crisis into believing that they are the wrong gender.”

Musk disclosed, “Well, it happened to one of my older boys. I was essentially tricked into signing documents for one of my older boys, Xavier. This was really before I had any understanding of what was going on, and we had COVID going on, so there was a lot of confusion. And I was told Xavier might commit suicide.”

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Peterson, challenging the notion, said, “That was a lie right from the outset. No reliable clinician ever believed that.


“There was never any evidence for that, and also, if there is a higher suicide rate, the reason is the underlying depression and anxiety and not because of the gender dysphoria. And every god-d*** clinician knows that, too, and they’re too cowardly to come out and say it.”

Continuing, Musk said, “It’s incredibly evil. And I agree with you that the people that are promoting this should go to prison.

I fully endorse Trump, wish him rapid recovery – Elon Musk
“I was tricked into doing this. It wasn’t explained to me that puberty blockers are actually just sterilization drugs.

READ ALSO: Billionaire Businessman Elon Musk Joins Leading American Media


“I lost my son, essentially. They call it ‘deadnaming’ for a reason. The reason they call it ‘deadnaming’ is because your son is dead, so my son, Xavier, is dead, killed by the woke mind virus.”

“So I vowed to destroy the woke mind virus after that. And we’re making some progress.”

According to a preprint study published by the Mayo Clinic earlier this year, puberty blockers have been linked to irreversible long-term fertility issues in boys, contradicting previous claims that the effects are reversible, as reported by Fox News.

The Mayo Clinic website states that puberty blockers, specifically GnRH analogues, are used to pause puberty in transgender and gender-diverse youth. These medications work by stopping the production of sex hormones, effectively halting physical changes associated with puberty


Daily Mail reports that Vivian Musk, formerly known as Xavier, publicly announced her transgender identity in June 2022, at the age of 18.

At the same time, she petitioned to legally change her name to Vivian and adopt her mother’s surname.

“I no longer want to be related to my biological father in any way, shape or form,” Vivian said.

READ ALSO: Unidentified Gunmen Kill 300-level AAUA Student


Last week, Musk announced plans to relocate the headquarters of SpaceX and X to Texas, after a new California law that prohibits schools from forcing teachers to inform parents about changes to a student’s gender identity

“This is the final straw. Because of this law and the many others that preceded it, attacking both families and companies, SpaceX will now move its HQ from Hawthorne, California, to Starbase, Texas,” Musk wrote on X.

During the interview on Monday, Musk disclosed that he had previously told the governor that he would relocate his company if the bill was signed into law, indicating that his decision to move the headquarters was not a spontaneous reaction.

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JUST IN: 58 Countries Back Okonjo-Iweala For Second Term As WTO DG



Fifty-eight of the 164 member states of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) members have voiced support for a proposal from the African Group backing incumbent Director General, Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, to serve a second term.

The 58 member countries of the trade association made this known at a July 22 meeting of the WTO General Council, according to a statement by the world trade body.

“The African Group requests that the current Director-General make herself available to serve a second term, and has proposed that the process of reappointing the Director-General should be started as soon as possible,” the statement partly read.


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“Fifty-eight members, several speaking on behalf of groups of members, took the floor to comment and express their support for the African Group proposal. They called on DG Okonjo-Iweala to make her intentions regarding a second term known as soon as possible. Most of these members praised the DG’s hard work and her achievements during her first term.”

Okonjo-Iweala, 70, said she was very grateful for the support from members. “Everything that I’ve accomplished, we’ve accomplished together,” she said.

The director general said that she took the call of members very seriously and was favourably inclined. She said she would get back to members very soon regarding her intentions.


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Okonjo-Iweala, the seventh WTO boss, took office on March 1, 2021 for a single term of four years which will expire on August 31, 2025. She is eligible for a second term.

The former Nigerian Finance Minister navigated stiff opposition to become the first woman and the first African to serve as WTO Director-General. Before her current appointment, she twice served as Nigeria’s Finance Minister from 2003 to 2006 and from 2011 to 2015. She also briefly acted as Foreign Minister in 2006, the first woman to hold both positions.

The skilled negotiator had a 25-year career at the World Bank as a development economist, rising to the number two position of Managing Director, Operations.


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Top 10 Highest Paying Jobs In The World 2024



The pursuit of lucrative careers often drives professional aspirations. With technological advancements and globalization reshaping industries, some professions command exceptional salaries that reflect their critical importance and specialized skill sets.

Whether you’re a seasoned professional seeking a career shift or a recent graduate planning your future, understanding which roles offer the highest financial rewards can guide your career decisions.

In this article, we’ll explore the top 10 highest-paying jobs around the globe, per report from Nexford.


1. Cardiologist
Role: Specializes in diagnosing and treating cardiovascular diseases.
Requirements: Bachelor’s degree; medical school; residency in internal medicine; board certification in cardiology.
Average Salary: $324,760

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2. Surgeon

Role: Performs surgical procedures to treat diseases and conditions.
Requirements: Bachelor’s degree; medical school; residency; medical license; board certification.
Average Salary: $297,851


3. Psychiatrist
Role: Specializes in diagnosing and treating mental illnesses and emotional disorders.
Requirements: Bachelor’s degree; medical school; residency in psychiatry; medical license; board certification.
Average Salary: $255,812

4. Chief Executive Officer (CEO)

Role: Oversees company operations, makes major corporate decisions, and communicates with the board of directors.
Requirements: Bachelor’s degree in business or related field; advanced degrees like an MBA; extensive experience in leadership and strategic planning.
Average Salary: $197,747

5. Senior Software Engineer
Role: Designs, implements, and maintains complex software systems.
Requirements: Bachelor’s degree in computer science; expertise in programming languages like Java, Python, or C++; experience with frameworks and version control systems.
Average Salary: $194,220


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6. Corporate Lawyer

Role: Provides legal advice and services to businesses on various legal matters.
Requirements: Bachelor’s degree; law school and JD; bar exam; specialization in corporate law.
Average Salary: $149,686

Tinubu appoints Professor John Obafunwa as new DG Institute of Medical Research


7. Investment Banker

Role: Facilitates financial transactions, advises on strategies, manages mergers, and raises capital.
Requirements: Bachelor’s degree in finance or related field; securities licenses; understanding of financial markets; certifications like CFA recommended.
Average Salary: $144,633

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8. Cloud Architect


Role: Designs and manages cloud computing architecture.
Requirements: Bachelor’s degree in computer science or IT; relevant certifications (e.g., AWS, Azure); skills in IaC tools and cloud networking.
Average Salary: $144,000

9. Internet of Things (IoT) Architect

Role: Designs and implements the architecture of IoT systems.
Requirements: Bachelor’s degree in computer science or related field; proficiency in programming languages; knowledge of networking, embedded systems, and IoT security.
Average Salary: $131,646

10. Petroleum Engineer


Role: Specializes in the exploration, extraction, and production of oil and natural gas.
Requirements: Bachelor’s degree in petroleum engineering or related field; internships; knowledge of programming and simulation tools; certification.
Average Salary: $130,523


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