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How Two Kenyan School Dropouts Made Prosthetic Arms For People With Disabilities



Two young Kenyan inventors have invented bio-robotic prosthetic arms from waste materials to help improve the lives of the physically challenged people in 2021.

Both David Gathu and Moses Kiuna were at the age of 29 when they designed a bio-robotic prosthetic arm in helping the people that have lost their limbs.

Recounting their ordeal before venturing into the invention, the duo said they were forced to drop out of college because of the expensive school fees but did not let the challenges steal their vision.


Gathu and Kiuna accomplished their dream to help their communities in a workshop in Kiambu county in Kikuyu, Kenya, north of the capital Nairobi.

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According to Face to Face Africa, the workshop was basically a shed made out of worn-out rusted iron sheets standing next to a chicken coop.

The floor was covered with gravel, making the ground outside the shop and the interior all but indistinguishable, as brown broken glass with tape all around fits the window frame.


Brain signal bio-robotic arm
Another significant thing about the invention was being the world’s first bio-robotic arm operated by brain signals. The invention, which is controlled by brain signals, has been billed as a game-changer in the lives of disabled people in Kenya.

Gathu and Kinyua’s invention was unique and different from most prosthetic technology which is powered by a person’s muscles.

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The arm works by converting brain signals into an electric current by a “NeuroNode” biopotential headset receiver. NeuroNode biopotential was originally invented to help people suffering from paralysis and speech loss.


Also, the inventors narrated that the idea to develop an electronic prosthetic came to them during the pandemic as part of their contribution towards assisting Kenya to battle the pandemic. It was initially created to help COVID-19 sanitisation efforts.

When the virus hit our country, we decided to create a machine that could help us decontaminate surfaces. It can also be used in schools, restaurants, hospitals,” Shoppe Black quotes Kinyua as saying.

Using waste products

According to a report by Anadolu Agency, the Kenyan inventors solved two problems with their innovations, first, by using waste products to make the environment clean and safe, and helping a community of people living with disabilities.


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“People throw away a lot of things that are harmful to the environment just because they don’t work. If they don’t work, it might be just one component that’s faulty but all the other components still work and can be recycled,” Gathu said.

“We’ve recycled everything that you see here. They throw it away, we pick it up and use it. This has saved us from spending a lot of money because we’re not backed up financially by anyone to come up with our innovations.”

They picked up “junk” that people threw away – things like plastic, rubber, wiring, old computer motherboards, LED lights, USB devices, switches, optical drives, heat sinks, fans, and power supply units – components that they say could be quite expensive to purchase from a shop.


Helping the community

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Speaking about the physically challenged people, he said, “The main reason we came up with this is to help people in our community who have lost their limbs. We don’t want these people to feel like they can’t do anything, we want them to be dependent on themselves.”

The arm can do many more tasks. They say they are still perfecting their device, but lack of funds has been a challenge.


David Mathenge from the Association for the Physically Disabled of Kenya (APDK), a charity NGO, says: “Such inventions are the future of the science of artificial limbs. This is the science we need to ease the challenges people with disabilities face.”




JUST IN: Otuaro Promises Revamp In Presidential Amnesty Programme



The administrator, Presidential Amnesty Programme (PAP) Dr Dennis Otuaro has promised to commence education and vocational training for ex-agitators of the Niger Delta region.

Otuaro made the promise on friday at an ongoing stakeholders meeting in Warri, Delta State.

The stakeholders meeting, with the theme: Fostering, Consolidating And Collaborating for the Peace, Security, Stability and Development of the Niger Delta, is expected to last for five days.


In his opening speech, Otuaro said the programme has to be redesigned for human capital development, just as he added so it can also give opportunity for women to sustain their small scale businesses in their various communities.

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He emphasized that he has given greenlight to those studying abroad to be remobilized for their studies after thorough documentation.

The PAP administrator who noted: “The university program was abruptly stopped and most of our delegates have not gone to school,” further promised to commence the education program as well as vocational training and empowerment.


He noted that there are many genuine complaints at his office of some delegate names being shortchanged, some have trained but not empowered while others have not been trained.

According to him, there are many genuine complaints at his office about some delegate names being shortchanged; some trained but not empowered, while others have not been trained.

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Otuaro, while thanking the first phase generals for their patience with the programme in the areas of education and vocational training, solicited for their further cooperation, saying he can only succeed in office if stakeholders are behind him.


Highlight of the meeting was an interactive session where ex-agitators shared their pains with the Special Adviser and profer possible solution to benefit the thirty thousand Amnesty delegates captured in the program.

Some of the notable ex-agitators and stakeholders that attended the meeting include: Gen. Pastor Wilson Reuben; Gen. Andabofa Opunama; Gen. Benjamin Ekeremor; Gen. Adowei Binaebi; Chief Boro Opudu; Chief Simeon Bebenimibo; Godfrey Tare Pondi; Gen. Henry Benidogha alias Egbema 1; Gen. Aboy Muturu;

Others are Gen. Arony Oputu; Gen. Omotonwerigha; Gen. Tallest; Chief Frank Akiefa; Deputy National National President,, Ijaw Youth Council (IYC), Comrade Freedom Atigbi; Spokesperson, IYC, Comrade Princewil Binebai; Bob Collins Igetei, Speaker, lYC Mobile Parliament, Comrade Nicholas lgarama, Chairman lYC Western zone among many others.

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Phone On Speaker Mode, 5 Other Things You Should Never Do On An Airplane



Air travel is surely a fun and convenient means of getting to your destinations, but it also requires a level of consideration and respect not just for yourself but for other passengers as well as the flight crew.

In order to ensure a smooth and pleasant flight experience for everyone on board, it’s important to take note of certain behaviors that should be avoided while on board.

In this article are six things to avoid doing on an airplane to help you be a courteous and mindful traveler with the safety of everyone at heart.


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What to avoid doing on an airplane

Not turning off cell phones or using airplane mode

It’s essential to switch off mobile phones and other electronic devices or better still put them on airplane mode during the flight. This ensures there is no interference with the aircrafts communication and navigation systems.

Opening of doors mid flight

As a passenger on a flight, you have no business with opening the doors while on air or even while the plane has landed. This is for your safety as well as the others on board even if its a case of emergency that’s what the cabin crew are to handle.


Removing shoes and socks

As comfortable as it may be, removing shoes, especially socks can be off-putting or really uncomfortable to other passengers due to smell or hygiene concerns.

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Sitting all through the flight

Staying seated all through an entire flight is really not advisable, it leads to discomfort. It’s important to get up, stretch, move around periodically especially on long flights to ensure smooth blood circulation.

Ignoring seatbelt signs

Ignoring the seatbelt sign can be dangerous.always adhere to the signs and instruction from the flight attendants for your own safety.


Being Loud or Disruptive

Keeping noise levels down is crucial, especially on long flights where passengers might be trying to rest. Avoid loud conversations, music, or movies.

Traveling by airplane requires a bit of patience and courtesy to ensure a pleasant experience for everyone on board. By avoiding these common pitfalls, you can contribute to a more enjoyable flight for yourself and your fellow passengers. Remember, a little consideration goes a long way in making air travel a smoother and more pleasant experience for all.


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One Dead, 200 Injured In Kenya Tax Protests



Demonstrators flee from teargas in Nairobi during protests to call for the resignation of Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission officials. Photo: AFP

A man died on the sidelines of mass demonstrations against proposed tax hikes in the Kenyan capital, police said Friday, with the mounting protest a day earlier also leaving 200 people injured.

A police watchdog said it was investigating allegations that the man was shot by police after Thursday’s demonstrations in Nairobi, the second this week.

Led largely by young Kenyans, the protests began in Nairobi on Tuesday before spreading nationwide.


They have been galvanised by widespread discontent over President William Ruto’s economic policies as many people already grapple with a cost-of-living crisis.

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Thursday’s demonstrations in Nairobi were mostly peaceful, but officers fired tear gas and water cannon throughout the day in an attempt to disperse people who gathered to protest near parliament.

The Independent Policing Oversight Authority (IPOA) said Friday it had “documented the death” of a 29-year-old man, “allegedly as a result of police shooting”.


The Authority has this morning launched investigations into the fatal shooting,” the IPOA said in a statement.

According to a Nairobi police report seen by AFP, a 29-year-old man was taken to hospital in Nairobi’s central district at around 7:00 pm (1600 GMT) on Thursday “unconscious with a thigh injury” before “succumbing” to his injuries, without giving further details.

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A spokesman for Amnesty International Kenya, Mathias Kinyoda, told AFP that “one demonstrator was shot yesterday in the CBD (central business district) as he was trying to run away from the police”.


Kinyoda said the person had died.

He said that the shooter “was wearing plain clothes but he was accompanying the police”, and called for an investigation.

“We saw what happened,” a witness told AFP, describing how he was among people gathered on the second floor of a building.

We could see police opening fire at the group that was gathered there,” the man said.


It was a police officer in a baseball cap because he got down from a police vehicle and ran back to it after the shooting when the crowd dispersed.”

Late Thursday, several organisations, including Amnesty International Kenya, said that at least 200 were injured in Nairobi.

The Kenyan Red Cross said on X, formerly Twitter, that eight were in critical condition.

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* Masses march –

Thousands assembled across the country on Thursday, from the Indian Ocean city of Mombasa to the Rift Valley city of Nakuru and Ruto’s home city of Eldoret.

Following smaller-scale demonstrations in Nairobi earlier in the week, the cash-strapped government agreed to roll back several tax hikes laid out in a new bill.

But Ruto’s administration still intends to increase some taxes, defending the proposed levies as necessary for filling its coffers and cutting reliance on external borrowing.


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After the decision to scrap levies on bread purchases, car ownership as well as financial and mobile services, the treasury warned of a 200-billion-shilling ($1.5-billion) shortfall.

The proposed taxes were projected to raise 346.7 billion shillings ($2.7 billion), equivalent to 1.9 per cent of GDP, and reduce the budget deficit from 5.7 per cent to 3.3 per cent of GDP.

The government has now targeted an increase in fuel prices and export taxes to fill the void left by the changes, a move critics say will make life more expensive in a country battling high inflation.


Kenya is one of the most dynamic economies in East Africa but a third of its 51.5 million people live in poverty.


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